ArangoDB Server Log Options

    will log messages concerning startup at trace level, AQL queries at trace leveland everything else at info level.

    In a configuration file, it is written like this:

    1. [log]
    2. level = startup=trace
    3. level = queries=trace
    4. level = info

    The available log levels are:

    • fatal: only logs fatal errors
    • warning: only logs warnings and errors
    • info: logs information messages, warnings and errors
    • debug: logs debug and information messages, warnings and errors
    • trace: logs trace, debug and information messages, warnings and errors

    Note that levels debug and trace will be very verbose.

    See in the Monitoring chapter for adetailed description of the different levels.

    Some relevant log topics available in ArangoDB 3 are:

    • agency: information about the Agency
    • collector: information about the WAL collector’s state
    • compactor: information about the collection datafile compactor
    • datafiles: datafile-related operations
    • mmap: information about memory-mapping operations (including msync)
    • performance: performance-related messages
    • queries: executed AQL queries, slow queries
    • replication: replication-related info
    • requests: HTTP requests
    • startup: information about server startup and shutdown
    • : information about threads

    See more log levels

    The log option —log.output <definition> allows directing the globalor per-topic log output to different outputs. The output definition <definition>can be one of

    • + for stderr
    • syslog://<syslog-facility>
    • syslog://<syslog-facility>/<application-name>
    • file://<relative-path>

    The option can be specified multiple times in order to configure the outputfor different log topics. To set up a per-topic output configuration, use—log.output <topic>=<definition>, e.g.


    logs all queries to the file “queries.txt”.

    The old option —log.file is still available in 3.0 for convenience reasons. In3.0 it is a shortcut for the more general option —log.output file://filename.

    Using —log.output also allows directing log output to different files based on topics. For example, to log all AQL queries to a file “queries.log” one can use the options:

    To additionally log HTTP request to a file named “requests.log” add the options:

    1. --log.level requests=info --log.output requests=file:///path/to/requests.log

    If you specify —log.file-mode octalvalue then any newly created logfile will use “octalvalue” as file mode. Please note that the umaskvalue will be applied as well.

    If you specify —log.file-group name then any newly created log filewill try to use “name” as group name. Please note that you have to bea member of that group. Otherwise the group ownership will not bechanged. Please note that this option is only available under Linuxand Mac. It is not available under Windows.

    Forcing direct output

    The option —log.force-direct can be used to disable logging in an extralogging thread. If set to true, any log messages are immediately printed in thethread that triggered the log message. This is non-optimal for performance butcan aid debugging. If set to false, log messages are handed off to an extralogging thread, which asynchronously writes the log messages.

    Time format

    The option —log.time-format controls the time format used in log output.The possible values for this option are:

    —log.escape value

    This option toggles the escaping of log output.

    If set to true, the following characters in the log output are escaped:

    • the carriage return character (hex 0d)
    • the newline character (hex 0a)
    • the tabstop character (hex 09)
    • any other characters with an ordinal value less than hex 20

    If the option is set to false, no characters are escaped. Characters withan ordinal value less than hex 20 will not be printed in this mode but willbe replaced with a space character (hex 20).

    A side effect of turning off the escaping is that it will reduce the CPU overhead for the logging. However, this will only be noticeable when loggingis set to a very verbose level (e.g. debug or trace).

    The default value for this option is true.

    Color logging

    Logging to terminal output is by default colored. Colorful logging can be turned off by setting the value to false.

    Source file and Line number

    Log line number: —log.line-number

    Normally, if an human readable fatal, error, warning or info message islogged, no information about the file and line number is provided. Thefile and line number is only logged for debug and trace message. This optioncan be use to always log these pieces of information.

    Log prefix: —log.prefix prefix

    This option is used specify an prefix to logged text.


    Log thread identifier: —log.thread true

    Whenever log output is generated, the process ID is written as part of thelog information. Setting this option appends the thread id of the callingthread to the process id. For example,

    when no thread is logged and

    1. 2010-09-20T13:04:17Z [19371-18446744072487317056] ready for business

    when this command line option is set.

    To also log thread names, it is possible to set the —log.thread-nameoption. By default —log.thread-name is set to false.


    Log role: —log.role true

    When set to true, this option will make the ArangoDB logger print a single character with the server’s role into each logged message. The roles are:

    • U: undefined/unclear (used at startup)
    • S: single server
    • C: Coordinator
    • P: primary
    • A: Agent